On 8 December 2017, a “joint report” by EU-UK negotiators on “progress in phase 1 of the negotiations” was published in accordance with Article 50 on the UK`s orderly withdrawal from the EU, as well as a “common technical note” expressing the detailed consensus on citizens` rights. Together, these two reports serve as a detailed draft for the withdrawal agreement. On 13 November 2018, the EU decided that “decisive progress” had been made in the Brexit negotiations, and on 14 November the European Commission and the UK Government published a draft withdrawal agreement as well as three protocols (on the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the SOVEREIGN territories of the United Kingdom in Cyprus and Gibraltar) and nine annexes. The text of the negotiated withdrawal agreement and the political declaration on the framework for future EU-UK relations were approved by EU heads of state and government at a specially convened European Council on 25 November 2018. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments fit about 5% of the text.  The EU and the UNITED Kingdom should agree on a final version of the withdrawal agreement by October 2018 to allow timely ratification by the European Parliament, the Council (Article 50) and the United Kingdom, in accordance with its own constitutional requirements. The draft withdrawal agreement of 19 March 2018 contains an agreed legal text for the implementation period, citizens` rights and financial management, as well as a considerable number of additional articles. The UK and EU negotiating teams intend to conclude the entire withdrawal agreement by October.
The United Kingdom has opted for a regime that requires EU citizens to apply for a new resident status known as “settled” or “pre-settled.” It is not yet clear whether each EU-27 will exercise its discretion under the withdrawal agreement to force British residents to apply for a new resident status. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  Yes. A number of important questions are now the subject of consensus: why include the “Irish part” in a protocol and not in the text of the withdrawal agreement? If a different solution/option is found from the protocol – and which takes into account the general objectives of avoiding a hard border and protecting the Good Friday agreement in all its parts – this solution/option could in principle take over from the protocol. From a legal point of view, a protocol is an integral part of an international agreement and has exactly the same effect as any other part of the agreement. If no withdrawal agreement is adopted, it does not mean that there can be no agreement on a trade relationship in the future, but negotiations for a trade agreement should be even more difficult in this case and it would be expected to take longer. CETA between the EU and Canada lasted seven years for negotiations and an additional year before temporarily withdrawing.
13. What if there is no future relationship agreement before the end of the transitional period in December 2020? The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.   The agreement was adopted by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after the agreement of the