The apologists of the 1916 Convention – nowadays it would be difficult to find serious defenders – would argue that it is more confusion than conspiracy. The plan, devised by two otherwise rather sticky diplomats, Sir Mark Sykes for Great Britain and François Georges-Picot for France, aimed to map a structure after the First World War for the territories of the Middle East of Turkey. As the conflict against Germany and its Turkish allies is still ongoing and the result is far from certain, they have drawn artificial lines in the sand, reflecting the interests of their countries rather than those of the inhabitants. From November 1915 to March 1916, representatives of Great Britain and France reached an agreement that gave Russia its approval. The secret contract, known as the Sykes-Picot Agreement, was named after its leaders, the aristocrats Sir Mark Sykes of England and François Georges-Picot in France. On 27 May 1916, in a letter from the British Foreign Minister, Sir Edward Grey, to Paul Cambon, French Ambassador to Britain. Loevy referred to a similar point with regard to sections 4 to 8 of the agreement, recalling that the British and French practiced “Ottoman colonial development” and that this experience served as a roadmap for subsequent war negotiations.  While Khalidi examined the negotiations of Great Britain and France in 1913 and 1914 on the Homs-Baghdad railway line, as well as their agreements with Germany, in other regions, as a “clear basis” for their subsequent spheres of influence under the agreement. On April 21, Faisal left for the East.
Before leaving, on 17 April Clemenceau sent a draft letter in which the French government declared that it recognized “Syria`s right to independence in the form of a federation of autonomous governments in accordance with the traditions and wishes of the population”, claiming that Fayçal had recognized “that France is called a power, Syria the necessary assistance by various advisers On 20 April , Fayçal Clemenceau assured that he was “deeply impressed by the selfless kindness of your statements while I was in Paris, and I must thank you for first proposing the sending of the Allied Commission which will soon travel to the East to identify the wishes of the local peoples regarding the future organization of their country. I am sure the Syrian people will know how to show you their gratitude.  In the Middle East, few men are pilloried these days, as are Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot. Sykes, a British diplomat, travelled on the same lawn as T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia), served in the Buren War, inherited a Baronetcy and won a Conservative seat in Parliament. He died young, at the age of 39, during the flu epidemic of 1919. Picot was a French lawyer and diplomat who led a long but opaque life until his death in 1950, mainly in Backwater-Posten. But the two men continue to live in the secret agreement they were to devise during the First World War to divide the vast land mass of the Ottoman Empire into British and French spheres of influence. The Sykes-Picot agreement launched a nine-year process – and other agreements, declarations and treaties – that created the modern States of the Middle East out of the Ottoman carcass. The new frontiers looked little like the original sykes-picot map, but its map is still considered to be the cause of many things that have happened since.