Another situation in which an innocent accused can plead guilty is the case of an accused who cannot obtain bail and is detained in a prison or detention centre. Since it can take months or even years before criminal cases are tried or even charged in some jurisdictions, an innocent accused, who will be offered a plea, which includes a sentence of less time than they would spend in prison before waiting for a charge or trial, can accept oral arguments and plead guilty.  Together, these five cases clarify the Court of Justice`s view that oral arguments are acceptable and must be recognized as valid agreements. In Santobello, the court went so far as to ensure that the pleading trial was “not only an essential part of the trial, but also, for many reasons, a highly desirable part.” Plea`s bargains have thus become a well-established and protected routine. Agency problems can arise in oral arguments, because although the prosecutor represents the people and the defence counsel represents the accused, the objectives of these officers may not match those of their sponsors. For example, prosecutors and defence counsel may try to maintain good relationships with each other, creating a potential conflict with the parties they represent. A defence lawyer may receive a flat fee to represent a client, or may not receive additional money to open a case in court, prompting defence counsel to settle a case in order to increase profits or avoid a financial loss. In low cases (where the guilt and conviction of jurors is less important), the right to pleading may be higher than in strong cases. Prosecutors tend to be highly motivated by conviction rates, and “there are many signs that prosecutors are willing to go a long way to avoid losing cases, and that] if prosecutors decide to prosecute with such weak cases, they are often willing to go a long way to ensure that cases get lost.
 Prosecutors often have a great power to obtain a desired level of inducement as they choose the charges to be laid. For this reason In the case of hybrid offences in England and Wales, the decision on whether to try a case before the Magistrates` Court or Crown Court is made by the judges until after a plea has been entered. An accused cannot plead guilty because he has dealt with a case before the magistrate`s court (which has less power to sanction). In cases such as a car accident in which there is civil liability against the defendant, the defendant may agree to “not engage in a challenge” or “guilty with a civil law reserve,” which is essentially a guilty plea without admitting civil liability. While oral arguments allow the criminal justice system to spare resources, oral arguments are controversial. Some commentators reject arguments, arguing that allows the accused to evade responsibility for the crimes they have committed.