The GPA does not automatically apply to all government procurement of the Parties. On the contrary, the scope of the GPA for each Party is defined in the Annexes to the GPA, which define central and sub-central government agencies as well as public services that each Party has committed to respect. With the exception of the EFTA countries , whose final offers were in line with those of the EC, no other party was able to meet the EC`s request for coverage. Consequently, the Community had to adapt its final offer to the degree of openness of the other parties. However, the EC`s obligations regarding purchasing entities and their public procurement are the most extensive, as they cover procurement opportunities both centrally and subsequently, including the procurement of these entities and public undertakings active in the public service sector. The SAA and AI for Trade were signed on 29 April 2008. The Council decided, however, that the implementation of AI and the ratification of the SAA should be subject to the unanimous recognition by the Council of Serbia`s full cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. The Serbian Parliament ratified the agreements on 9 September 2008. Due to its political sensitivity, government procurement has not become an area of multilateral obligations within the WTO. The revision of the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) entered into force in 2014. It ensures a higher degree of clarity and transparency and ensures equality between suppliers, supplies and services originating in contracting parties to the GPA in procurement procedures. In addition, it offered between €80 billion and €100 billion in additional business opportunities per year by further opening up procurement markets in the 48 countries that are part of the agreement.
Currently, 20 WTO members are parties to the GPA, including the European Union and its member states, which are considered a single party. Accession to the GPA is limited to WTO members that have expressly signed the GPA or have subsequently acceded to the agreement. WTO members are not required to join the GPA, but the United States strongly encourages all WTO members to participate in this important agreement. Several countries, including China, Russia and the Kyrgyz Republic, are negotiating accession to the GPA.  It should be noted that the Ankara AA has no provisions regarding the award of public contracts. Negotiations on the extension of the customs union to access to public procurement are provided for in Decision 1/95 (Article 48) of the EC-Turkey Association Council, but this has not yet been implemented. Some countries have put in place protectionist measures with regard to public procurement affecting EU companies. These guidelines are enforced by: Chinese Taipei`s obligations include purchases in the utilities sector. The thresholds were set at 400,000,- SDR for goods, 400,000,- SDR for services and 15,000,000,- SDR for construction services. The EU is working to remove existing obstacles in two respects. The EU is trying to conclude free trade agreements with comprehensive chapters on public procurement, based on procurement rules similar to those of the EU (new generation free trade agreements). In addition, the EC, as a contracting party to the GPA, is actively negotiating with the candidate countries in order to transform the GPA into a multilateral agreement.
Information on the government procurement provisions in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement is available on the website of the Ministry of TPP. . . .