This article deals with the covenant between God and the Jewish people; A red thread that runs through the first parts of the Bible and is one of the vital pillars of Judaism. 17 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him, and said, “I am the Almighty God, ;(C) I am faithfully before me, and be immaculate. 2 Then I will make my covenant between you and me, and I will increase your number. You will be circumcised in the flesh of your forwards, and there will be a sign of the agreement between me and you. And I will make you very fruitful, and I will bring you into the nations, and the kings will come out of you. And I will establish my covenant between me and yours, and between your posterity according to you, in their families, to be after you for a God and for your posterity. And I will give you and your descendants after you, the land of your stays, the whole land of Canaan for eternal possession, and I will be for them for a God. “www.bible.ca/maps/maps-near-east-abrahams-journey.htm The period between 586 and 539 b.C.E., when leaders and elites were exiled from Judea to Babylon. The exile ended when Kyrus of Persia defeated Babylon and allowed the Judeans to return home. The Sabbath12The Lord said to Moses:13 You himself will say to the Israelis: “You will make my Sabbaths, for it is a sign between me and you, the covenant is reaffirmed in chapter 15 by a ceremony of dramatic contract with a divine fire between the sacrificed animals and the promise that the descendants of Abraham will be brought back to their country after four hundred years of slavery.
Bible students have very different opinions about the number of great covenants that exist (or existed) between God and humanity, the number ranging from one to twelve at least. (For more information on two of the main points of view, see Covenant Theology and Healing Time.) Some scholars rank only two: an alliance of promise and an alliance of the law. The first involved an oath of God – a word of promise rather than order – while the second is known in the Bible as “the law.”  There are two main types of covenants in the Hebrew Bible, including the obligatory type and change of sola.  Compulsory alliance is more common among Hittite peoples and deals with the relationship between two parties of the same reputation. On the other hand, the change of sola is seen in the Abrahamic and Davidian Alliances. Debt alliances focus on the relationship between the mayor and the vassal and are similar to the nature of the “royal subsidy,” which includes historical introduction, boundary demarcation, provisions, witnesses, blessings and curses. In the royal scholarships, the master was able to reward a servant for being loyal. God rewarded Abraham, Noah and David in his covenants with them.
 As part of his covenant with Abraham, God has a duty to keep Abraham`s progeny as God`s chosen people and to be their God. God acts as a supreme sovereignty and is the party of the covenant, accompanied by the necessary action that accompanies the oath, whether it is a fire or animals in the sacrificing silks. Yet God is the party that takes the curse if it does not respect its commitment. Throughout history, there have also been many cases where the vassal was the one who performed the various actions and took the curse.  -The list of the building blocks of the understanding between God and Abraham/the Hebrew people, as described in taprès – Genesis 12:1-3,17:1-14, 26:1-5; Exodus 28:9-20 The conditional covenant means that the covenant could be broken if the people do not conform to the divine will; but even the conditional formulations of the covenant, such as deuteronomy 28-30, assume that the covenant will be restored if Israel repents.